Below are resources that will be of interest to those who seek more information in regard to race, racism, and diversity in discipline related to publications, funding, and mentoring. This section is updated on an ongoing basis so please continue to check back for new and additional resources.

If you have suggestions related to resources please contact us through facebook.


  • 2014 –  Graduates 2012 Report: As Anthropology Doctorates Increase in Number and Diversity, So Do Financial and Social Support Needs for Graduates
  • 2012 Audrey Smedley
    A Black Woman’s Ordeal at a White University
    Commission on Race and Racism in Anthropology. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association. PDF
  • 2012 Audrey Smedley and Faye Hutchinson (Eds)
    Racism in the New Milennium: Additional Findings of the Commission on Race and Racism in Anthropology and the American Anthropological Association. PDF
  • 2012 Janice Hutchinson
    Parallel Paradigms: Racial Diversity and Racism at Universities
    Commission on Race and Racism in Anthropology. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association. PDF
  • National Science Foundation (NSF) N.d. Anthropology Advanced Degrees Awarded, 2000–2009., accessed July 13, 2011.
  • 2010 Final Report of Commission on Race and Racism in Anthropology
    Commission on Race and Racism in Anthropology.
  • 1999 William Leap and  Ellen Lewin
    Final Report of the Commission on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Issues in Anthropology. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.
  • 1997 AAA Survey of Anthropology PhDs
    Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.
  • 1996 AAA Survey of Departments
    Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.
  • 1996 Commission on Minority Issues in Anthropology Report
    Commission on Minority Issues in Anthropology. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.
  • 1998 Biennial Survey of Anthropology in the United States
    American Anthropological Association. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association. PDF
  • 1973 The Minority Experience in Anthropology. Report of the
    Committee on Minorities and Anthropology. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.


  • Baker, Lee D. 1998 From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of Race, 1896–1954. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Bolles, A. Lynn 2001 Seeking the Ancestors: Forging a Black Feminist Tradition
    in Anthropology. In Black Feminist Anthropology: Theory Politics, Praxis, and Poetics. Irma McClaurin, ed. Pp. 24–48.
    New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
  • Brodkin, Karen, Morgen, Sandra and Hutchinson, Janis 2011 Anthropology as White Public Space? American Anthropologist 113, No. 4, pp. 545–556.
  • Davalos, Karen Mary 1998 Anthropology and Chicana/o Studies: The Conversation That Never Was. Aztlan 23(2):13–45.
  • Deyhle, Donna 2007 Beatrice Medicine and the Anthropology of Education: Legacy and Vision for Critical Race/Critical Language Research and Praxis. Anthropology and Education Quarterly 38(3):209–220.
  • Fiske, Shirley J., Bennett, Linda A., Ensworth, Patricia, , Redding, Terry, and Brondo, Keri 2010. The Changing Face of Anthropology: Anthropology Masters Reflect on Education, Careers, and Professional Organizations. AAA/CoPAPIA 2009 Anthropology MA Career
  • Gravlee, Clarence C., and Sweet, Elizabeth 2008 Race, Ethnicity, and Racism in Medical Anthropology, 1977–2002. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 22(1):27–51 38(3):209–220. (View in AnthroSource)
  • Harrison, Faye, ed. 1997 Decolonizing Anthropology: Moving Further Toward an Anthropology for Liberation. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.
  • Morgen, Sandra 1989 Gender and Anthropology: Critical Reviews for Research and Teaching. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association.
  • Mukhopadhyay, Carol C., and Yolanda T. Moses 1997 Reestablishing “Race” in Anthropological Discourse. American Anthropologist 99(3):517–533.
  • Mullings, Leith 2005 Interrogating Racism: Toward an Antiracist Anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology 34:667–693. National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Page, Enoch, and  R. Brooke, Thomas 1994 White Public Space and the Construction of White Privilege in U.S. Health Care: Fresh Concepts and a New Model of Analysis. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 8(1):109–116.
  • Rodriguez, Robyn Magalit Resources for Women of Color Faculty.  2013
  • Schuller, Mark 2010 Mister Blan, or the Incredible Whiteness of Being an Anthropologist. In Erin Taylor, ed. Fieldwork Identities in the Caribbean. Coconut Creek, FL: Caribbean Studies Press, 125-150.

Statements on Race and Racism

AAA’s Initiatives on Race and Climate

Since 1969, the AAA has created a variety of committees, commissions and task forces to study the discipline’s inclusiveness, academic climate, and understandings of racial issues among its membership. These bodies have been largely critical of the limited progress within anthropology. Below is a brief overview of AAA’s efforts to address race, racism, and inclusiveness.

The AAA committed itself to racially diversifying the profession and professional training. It established a Committee on Minorities and Anthropology (CMA), made up of well-established anthropologists of color. This committee surveyed the perceptions of anthropology by racial minority anthropologists.
A report entitled The Minority Experience in Anthropology, was the first of a series critical analyses of racial practices within the discipline.
Under the leadership of Audrey Smedley, the AAA issued its Statement on Race.
The AAA established the Committee on Minority Issues in Anthropology to be elected by the membership at large. Its mandate has been to diversify recruitment and retention of anthropologists who are racialized minorities, to foster a climate of respect and cultural diversity, to help define the discipline’s views on cultural diversity, and to administer the AAA’s minority dissertation fellowship.
The AAA established the Commission on Race and Racism whose task was to examine diversity and racial climate in the discipline as well as efforts within the profession to address enduring racial inequalities.
The Commission on Race and Racism issued its final report. Two publications resulted from the commission, an article in the American Anthropologist “Anthropology as White Public Space?” and an online edited book, “Racism in the New Millennium.”
AAA President Leith Mullings established the Task Force on Race and Racism in Anthropology to implement the recommendations of the Commission.
The Task Force on Race and Racism releases The Task Force on Race and Racism Survey that seeks to provide a clearer qualitative and quantitative picture of the discipline in regard to race and racism.

Race, Anthropology, and the Public


  • AAA Minority Dissertation Fellowship Program
    The American Anthropological Association Minority Dissertation Fellowship is intended to increase the number of PhDs in anthropology among persons from historically underrepresented populations.
  • Smithsonian Minority Student Internship
    The Office of Fellowships and Internships offers internships and visiting student awards to increase participation of U.S. minority groups (U.S. Citizens and U.S. permanent residents) who are underrepresented in Smithsonian scholarly programs, in the disciplines of research conducted at the Institution, and in the museum field.
  • School of American Research
    As part of its mission to promote excellent scholarship and effective communication in the social sciences and humanities, SAR offers two competitive awards.
  • Carter G. Woodson Institute: Pre and Postdoctoral Residential Fellowships
    Predoctoral fellowships of $15,000 per year for two years, and postdoctoral fellowships of $25,000, tenable for one year only, are offered at the Woodson Institute for research in those disciplines of the humanities and social sciences which focus on race, ethnicity, and society in Africa and the Atlantic world.
  • Mellon Hays Undergraduate Fellowship Program
    The Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellowship (MMUF) is one of the Foundation’s premier programs and the centerpiece of the Foundation’s long-term effort to help remedy the serious shortage of faculty of color in higher education.
  • Committee On Institutional Cooperation (Cic): Freeapp For Minority Students
    Through the CIC FreeApp program, eligible candidates may request applications for graduate admission and application fee waivers to as many as three CIC universities. and have a serious intent to pursue a career in teaching and academic research.
  • The American Statistical Association/National Science Foundation/Federal Statistics Fellowship Program
    Small grants are available to graduate students and more senior researchers for analysis of data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  • Gates Millennium Scholars (GMS) Program
    Each year up to 1000 outstanding African-American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian Pacific and Hispanic American students with significant financial need are selected to receive scholarships for undergraduate and graduate studies in areas including mathematics, science, engineering, education or library science.
  • HBCU/MEI Faculty Summer Research Program
    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) are co-sponsoring summer research appointments for faculty of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and other Minority Educational Institutions (MEIs).
  • American Philosophical Society
    An eminent scholarly organization of international reputation, the American Philosophical Society promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
  • Council of American Overseas Research Centers (CAORC) Multi-Country Research Fellowship
    The Council of American Overseas Research Centers is a private not-for-profit federation of independent overseas research centers that promote advanced research, particularly in the humanities and social sciences, with focus on the conservation and recording of cultural heritage and the understanding and interpretation of modern societies.
  • Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies: Academy Scholars Program
    The purpose of the Academy Scholars Program is to identify outstanding scholars who are at the start of their careers and whose work combines disciplinary excellence in the social sciences and history with an in-depth grounding in particular countries or regions outside the United States, Canada, and Western Europe.
  • Javits Fellowships
    Provides $15,000 for graduate study in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. Undergraduate seniors and first-year graduate students may apply.
  • Japan Foundation Fellowships
    Monthly stipends for periods ranging from four to 14 months are awarded to doctoral candidates in the social sciences and humanities who have completed all requirements except the dissertation to conduct dissertation research in Japan.
  • National Science Foundation: SBE Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants
  • Wenner-Gren Grants for Doctoral Students
    The Foundation has a variety of grant programs for anthropological research and scholarship that are open to applicants irrespective of nationality or country of residence.
  • SSRC Social Science Research Council (SSRC)
    The SSRC nurtures new generations of social scientists, fosters innovative research, and mobilizes necessary knowledge on important public issues.
  • Ford Foundation Predoctoral Fellowships
    In 2014, the Ford Fellowship program will award approximately 60 predoctoral fellowships. The predoctoral fellowships provide three years of support for individuals engaged in graduate study leading to a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) or Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) degree.
  • Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowships
    The Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowships support a year of research and writing to help advanced graduate students in the humanities and related social sciences in the last year of Ph.D. dissertation writing.
  • Woodrow Wilson Foundation
  • Boren Fellowships
    Boren Fellowships provide up to $30,000 to U.S. graduate students to add an important international and language component to their graduate education through specialization in area study, language study, or increased language proficiency.
  • Hayek Fund for Scholars
    The Hayek Fund for Scholars makes strategic awards of up to $1,000 to graduate students and untenured faculty members for career-enhancing activities.
  • Horowitz Foundation
    The Foundation makes targeted grants for work in major areas of the social sciences, including anthropology, area studies, economics, political science, psychology, sociology, and urban studies, as well as newer areas such as evaluation research.
  • Humane Studies Fellowships
    IHS considers applications from individuals who will be full-time graduate students who have a clearly demonstrated research interest in the intellectual and institutional foundations of a free society.
  • The John Hope Franklin Dissertation Fellowship
    The John Hope Franklin Dissertation Fellowship, named in honor of a distinguished member of the American Philosophical Society, is designed to support an outstanding doctoral student at an American university or an exceptional American doctoral student abroad who is completing the dissertation.
  • Richard Hay Student Paper/Poster Award
    The Richard Hay Student Paper/Poster Award is a travel grant awarded to a student presenting a paper or poster at the GSA’s annual meeting.
  • Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies – Scholars Program
    As the largest residential fellowship program in the U.S. for research on Mexico and U.S.-Mexico relations, each year the program brings together scholars from the social sciences, history, and related fields.
  • The American Indian Graduate Center
    (AIGC) is a national private 501(c)(3) nonprofit headquartered in Albuquerque, New Mexico providing fellowships to American Indian and Alaska Native graduate students throughout the United States.
  • Ford Foundation Predoctoral Fellowships
    In 2014, the Ford Fellowship program will award approximately 60 predoctoral fellowships. The predoctoral fellowships provide three years of support for individuals engaged in graduate study leading to a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) or Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) degree.

Initiatives of Interest

Mentoring and Pipelines

  • Works in Progress (WIP)
    Organized through the Association of Black Anthropologists (ABA), (WIP) is an opportunity for anthropology students (graduate and undergraduate), junior lecturers, and Un-Appointed Post-Docs, Pre-Tenure and Assistant Professors to meet each other and tenure-track, tenured, and senior scholars.
    Contact Riche Barnes
  • NCTE College Forum and the Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC)
    Funded through the Research Foundation of the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), CNV prides itself on supporting the professional, intellectual, and activist activities of scholars of color by pairing each fellow with a senior scholar in the field.
  • NCTE College Forum and the Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC)
    Scholars for the Dream Travel Award, which functions as a mentorship program that provides convention travel and professional learning support for roughly 10 early career comp/rhet scholars annually.
  • International Career Advancement Program (ICAP)
    The International Career Advancement Program (ICAP) helps bring greater diversity to the staffing of senior management and policy-making positions in international public service, both in the government and for private non-profit organizations.
  • The Charles B. Rangel International Affairs Program
    The Rangel Program is a collaborative effort between Howard University and the U.S. State Department that seeks to attract and prepare outstanding young people for careers as diplomats in the Foreign Service of the U.S. Department of State.
  • Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program
    The McNair Scholars Program is a federal TRIO program funded at 200 institutions across the United States and Puerto Rico by the U.S. Department of Education. It is designed to prepare undergraduate students for doctoral studies through involvement in research and other scholarly activities.

Best Practices

(Coming soon)